Gingivitis and in its advanced state, periodontitis, has a profound effect on the gums. As gingivitis progresses, more and more bacteria and plaque builds up, causing the gums to stretch. The end result is large pockets that once cleaned out will remain in your gum line. These pockets cause the gums to recede, which is not aesthetically pleasing to the eye. Gum recession will also cause an abnormal amount of tooth structure to become exposed.
Gum grafting is a corrective procedure that restores the gum to its natural, healthy state. Using soft gum tissue from the roof of the mouth, the receded gums are grafted. The goal of the graft is to cover exposed tooth and root surfaces with grafted-on oral tissue. This grafting encourages new tissue growth that will enable the gums to return to thier original position around the teeth. The procedure is routine and entails a minimal amount of downtime and discomfort.